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17th Century Battles | Anglo-Dutch Wars

Battle of Lowestoft on 3 June, 1672 (old style)

NB: Discussion devoted to the Anglo-Dutch Wars at sea, including ships, battles, and persons by James C. Bender. Regularly updated.

This is the list of the English fleet and organization at the time of the Battle of Lowestoft on 3 June 1665 (old style). This is largely based on Frank Fox's list.

White Squadron of Prince Rupert.

Van Division

Colchester 28 guns Daniel Helling
Triumph 70 guns Vice-Admiral Christopher Myngs
Monck 54 guns Thomas Penrose
Newcastle 48 guns Thomas Page
Lion 52 guns Edward Spragge
Ruby 46 guns William Jennings
Expedition 30 guns Tobias Sackler
John and Abigail 40 guns Joseph Sanders
Happy Return 40 guns John Hubbard
Katherine 36 guns Thomas Elliot
John and Katherine 32 guns John Whately

Center Division

Reserve 46 guns John Tyrwhit
Rainbow 56 guns Willoughby Hannam
Exchange 36 guns Samuel Wentworth
Revenge 58 guns Robert Holmes
Royal James 78 guns Admiral Prince Rupert, flag-captain John Kempthorne.
Garland 28 guns Charles Talbot
Hound fireship 8 guns James Coleman
Dolphin fireship 4 guns William Gregory
Assurance 32 guns John Jeffries
Mary Rose 48 guns William Reeves.
Henrietta 58 guns Walter Wood.
Bendish 42 guns Robert Taylor
Portland 46 guns John Aylett

Rear Division

East India Merchant 44 guns John Wilgresse
St. Andrew 60 guns Valentine Pine
Advice 40 guns William Poole
Bear 42 guns John Waterworth
Constant Katherine 40 guns Francis Sanders
Kent 46 guns Thomas Ewens
Anne 58 guns Arnold Brown
Resolution 58 guns Rear-Admiral Robert Sansum-killed in the battle
Milford 28 guns John Seale

Smallcraft (ketches, smacks, and hoys)

Hind ketch 8 guns John Withers
Sea Venture - -
James - -
Desire - -
Little Sampson - -
William & Mary - -

Red Squadron of the Duke of York.

Van Division

Bristol 48 guns John Hart
Gloucester 58 guns Robert Clark
Royal Exchange 46 guns Giles Shelley
Diamond 46 guns John King
Martin Galley 14 guns Richard White
Royal Oak 76 guns Vice-Admiral Sir John Lawson, died of his wounds
Norwich 24 guns John Wetwang
Guinea 36 guns John Abelson, killed in the battle
St. George 60 guns Joseph Jordan
Coast Frigate 34 guns Thomas Lawson
Dover 46 guns Jeffery Pearse
King Ferdinando 36 guns Francis Johnson

Center Division

Plymouth 56 guns Thomas Allin
Fountain 30 guns Jean Baptiste du Tiel
Blackamore 38 guns Richard Neales
Mary 58 guns Jeremy Smith
Happy Return 50 guns James Lambert
Drake 12 guns Richard Poole
Royal Charles 78 guns the Duke of York, Sir William Penn, flag-captain John Harman
Mermaid 28 guns Jasper Grant
Fame fireship 12 guns John Gethings
Bramble fireship 8 guns Nepthali Ball
Antelope 46 guns John Chicheley
Old James 68 guns James Ley, the Earl of Marlborough, killed in the battle
Loyal George 42 guns John Earle
Yarmouth 52 guns Thomas Ayliffe
Vanguard 56 guns Jonas Poole
Convertine 48 guns John Pearce
Charity 46 guns Robert Wilkinson

Rear Division

Eagle 44 guns Thomas Hendra
Amity 36 guns John Parker
Satisfaction 46 guns Richard May
Fairfax 58 guns Robert Salmon
Swiftsure 60 guns Rear-Admiral Sir William Berkeley
Bonaventure 40 guns Arthur Laughorne
Portsmouth 38 guns Robert Mohun]
George 40 guns Robert Hatubb
Leopard 54 guns Richard Beach
Sapphire 38 guns Henry Hyde
Loyal Merchant 44 guns Robert Sanders

Smallcraft (ketches, smacks, and hoys)

Roe ketch 8 guns James Lock
Eaglet ketch 8 guns William Berry
St. George - -
Bachelor - -
Isabella - -
Hopeful Margaret - -
Seaflower - -
Edward & Eve - -

Blue Squadron of the Earl of Sandwich
(sailed in reverse order, so the Vice-Admiral was near the rear)

Rear Division

Forester 28 guns Edward Cotterell
Royal Katherine 70 guns Rear-Admiral Thomas Teddiman
Essex 52 guns Richard Utber
Marmaduke 38 guns John Best
Princess 52 guns George Swanley
Golden Phoenix 36 guns Samuel Dickinson
Adventure 36 guns Benjamin Young
Society 36 guns Ralph Lascelles
Dreadnought 58 guns Henry Terne
Prudent Mary 36 guns Thomas Haward

Center Division

Dragon 38 guns John Lloyd
Centurion 46 guns Robert Moulton, Jr.
Montagu 58 guns Henry Fenne
Oxford 24 guns Phillip Bacon
Prince 86 guns Edward Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, flag-captain Roger Cuttance
Pembroke 28 guns Thomas Darcy
Bryar fireship 12 guns Richard Cotton
Dunkirk 54 guns John Hayward
Breda 46 guns Robert Kirby, killed in the battle
John & Thomas 44 guns Henry Dawes
Swallow 46 guns Richard Hodges
Madras 42 guns John Norbrook

Van Division (in reverse order, since they were at the rear)

Jersey 48 guns Hugh Hide
Hamburg Merchant 36 guns James Cadman
Hampshire 40 guns George Batts
Castle frigate 36 guns Philip Euatt
Assistance 40 guns Zachary Brown
Unicorn 56 guns Henry Teddiman
Providence 30 guns Richard James
York 58 guns John Swanley
Henry 70 guns Vice-Admiral Sir George Ayscue
Guernsey 28 guns Humphrey Connisby

Smallcraft (ketches, smacks, and hoys)

Nonsuch ketch 8 guns Robert Crossman
Thomas & Rebecca - -
Hopewell - -
John smack - -
John hoy - -
Two Sisters - -


Sources:

  • R. C. Anderson, Lists of Men-of-War 1650-1700: Part I English Ships 1649-1702, 1966.
  • Frank L. Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.
  • Granville Penn, Memorials of the Professional Life and Times of Sir William Penn, 1833.
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